Sermon: The Peaceable Kingdom

Reflection for North Balwyn Uniting Church
13th of November 2022

Isaiah 65:17-25
Isaiah 12
Luke 21:5–19

“[T]hey will arrest you and persecute you; they will hand you over to synagogues and prisons … You will be betrayed even by parents and brothers, by relatives and friends; and they will put some of you to death. You will be hated by all because of my name.”

What a cheery beginning to a Reflection! Sorry about that; Jesus can be quite confronting when he wants to be. As I have said before, here in Australia we do not face the actual persecution that Christians have experienced in other times, or are experiencing even now in other countries. But what we are doing here this morning is profoundly counter-cultural in Australia, the country I have described as ‘the place that religions come to die’. To begin with, we are gathering in community because we believe that this community is a place to encounter God. I suspect that if we asked most Australians where they encountered God, they would tell us that they found God by the sea, on the mountain, in the bush, or in the rugged red heart of the country. They might say that they encounter God in the love of family and friends; in the curl of a new-born baby’s hand around their finger; in the smile of a 90-year-old. Very few Australians would say that they encounter God when gathered with a motley crew of ordinary people in a suburban church on a Sunday morning. That is if they even believe there is a ‘God’ to be encountered at all.

The church has always challenged the world’s beliefs about the Being we relate to as ‘God’. At times this has meant telling a racist community that God created both black and white people in God’s own image. At other times it has meant telling a sexist society that God has given women, as well as men, gifts and skills; God-given gifts, to be used. A few centuries ago, the church challenged the idea of God as a ‘watchmaker’ who set evolution in motion but then had nothing more to do with the universe. In the face of that eminently sensible theory, the church continued to insist on a Creator so intimately involved with the creation that in Jesus God took on humanity and lived among us.

In Australia today the church continues to talk about God in the face of a world that believes everything can be explained by science, a world that believes that only the stupid could possibly still be religious. I spend a lot of my time talking to committed atheists both face-to-face and online, and I am often told that I am just too intelligent to believe. Some sociologists of religion have called the church a ‘cognitive minority’.[1] I prefer to describe us as ‘counter-cultural’.

Belief in God as Creator and the world as God’s good creation has always been counter-cultural. It has always seemed to be contrary to the facts. Three years’ ago, when Isaiah’s description of the ‘peaceable kingdom’ was last in our lectionary, we were just at the beginning of what became the Black Summer. In the three years’ since we have had the world’s first global pandemic in a century, and the current natural disaster is not fire but flood. I heard a comedian say that Australia now had only two seasons: fire or flood. How can we look at everything that is happening around us, the homes and livelihoods destroyed by what is usually God’s good gift of water, the thousands of people who have died of covid19 in Australia and the millions who have died around the world, and say that God cares about creation? The author that we know as ‘Third’ Isaiah, from whom today’s reading from the Hebrew Scriptures comes, had the same challenge. The description of God’s holy mountain as a place where all creation is renewed seems completely unrealistic. But there was nothing fanciful in what Isaiah was doing.

You know this, because I have said it so often, but I think it bears repeating whenever we listen to the prophecies of the three prophets we call ‘Isaiah’ – they were prophesying in the context of the greatest tragedy that had happened to the Jewish people since their slavery in Egypt. Third Isaiah was writing in the sixth century BC, after the Babylonian Exile had ended, when the people had left their captivity in Babylon, returned home to Jerusalem, and yet had found their home-coming incomplete. There had been tremendous hope in the prophecies of the prophet we call ‘Second’ Isaiah that the return from Exile would be a second Exodus from Egypt, leading to prosperity and joy. That had not happened. Life was difficult. The Temple had been destroyed and twenty years after the end of the Exile it still hadn’t been rebuilt. When it was eventually rebuilt it was no longer the glorious Temple of Solomon, and the very act of rebuilding it had caused conflict between different groups. There was no new and glorious kingdom. It is amid this despair that Isaiah speaks of a new creation.

Isaiah reminds those returning from Exile that the Jewish faith believes that the world is good. The first creation story in the Book of Genesis describes what the creation is meant to be – ‘And God saw that it was good’. And yet to anyone with eyes it is obvious that there is evil in the world. To explain evil one of the writers of Genesis told a story of how the goodness of the creation had been tarnished by the self-will of humanity. Now, bit by bit, Isaiah tells of the hope that the new creation will overcome the violation of that first creation. If you can remember the story in Genesis you will see how Isaiah’s prophecy reverses it. Humans will no longer need to hide from God; will no longer be separated from God: in the new creation ‘before they call [God] will answer, while they are yet speaking [God] will hear.’ Humanity will no longer have to toil and sweat for their food; instead ‘they shall build houses and inhabit them; they shall plant vineyards and eat their fruit … [God’s] chosen shall long enjoy the work of their hands’. Women will no longer bring forth children in pain; instead ‘they shall not labour in vain, or bear children for calamity; for they shall be offspring blessed by the Lord— and their descendants as well.’ Everything that went wrong at that first creation will be restored.

A picture of the world in the style of an old map, with Jerusalem in the centre, on a green globe surrounded by blue, with buildings including the Taj Mahal, the Eiffel Tower, the Statue of Liberty, the Shard, the Sydney Opera House and a Pyramid on the circumference of the Globe.

Naive drawing in the style of an ancient map of Jerusalem, from Art in the Christian Tradition, a project of the Vanderbilt Divinity Library. Used with permission.

The hope that Isaiah offers the exiles who have returned is a world of justice and peace: ‘No more shall there be in it an infant that lives but a few days, or an old person who does not live out a lifetime; for one who dies at a hundred years will be considered a youth, and one who falls short of a hundred will be considered accursed.’ It is a new creation, new heavens and a new earth, in which the whole cosmos will live together in peace. Nothing will be hurt or destroyed on God’s holy mountain, Isaiah assures us. As we look around us, could anything be more counter-cultural than to say that this world is God’s good creation and that God’s ultimate intention for it is peace? It seems as foolish to believe that now as it would have been for Isaiah to prophesy it to the returned exiles. And yet that is what we believe.

We are coming to the end of the Year of Luke, and so we are close to the end of Luke’s version of the Gospel. Every Gospel ends with the crucifixion and the resurrection, so it is no wonder that Jesus’ words in today’s reading are words of warning. He is about to go to his death, and he warns his disciples that if they follow in his footsteps they will be following him to their deaths. Whether that is the literal death of so many saints and martyrs, or the metaphorical death of being isolated, rejected, or mocked, Jesus’ words are a sombre counter to any prosperity gospel. And yet, we know that all these troubles are not the end. Brendan Byrne, who taught both Alistair and me New Testament at Theological College, says that Christianity says that we believe in the ‘Second Coming,’ as churches do when in the Apostles Creed we say that we believe Jesus ‘will come again to judge the living and the dead,’ not because ‘we literally believe – as fundamentalists do – that Jesus will one day appear as Son of Man on the clouds of heaven,’[2] but because we believe that ultimately God’s kingdom will come and God’s will will be done. Next week we will celebrate that certainty when on the last Sunday of the liturgical year we observe the feast of the Reign of Christ.

We know that the universe is almost unspeakably old; almost incomprehensibly vast; amazingly dynamic; unfathomably organic. We also believe that it has been, and is still being, created by God who loves it and intends it to be good. We have the reassurance of knowing that God’s ultimate intentions for the creation will succeed because, as Martin Luther King once said, ‘The arc of the moral universe is long, but it bends toward justice’. Even when things seem hopeless, we need never be without hope. Let us ‘be glad and rejoice for ever’ in what God has created, is creating, and in the hope of the ‘new heavens and a new earth’ that we believe God will create in times to come.

[1] Williams H. Willimon, Pastor: The Theology and Practice of Ordained Ministry, p. 206.

[2] Brendan Byrne, The Hospitality of God: A Reading of Luke’s Gospel, p. 166.

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